Papua New Guinea (PNG) has one of the most significant areas of largely-intact tropical forest in the world, although these forests appear to face acute and imminent threats. Forests are a vital resource for the local population particularly in the remote rural areas of PNG, providing food, fibre, building materials, and support a variety of wildlife and ecosystem services. The Papua New Guinea Forest Authority (PNGFA) estimates that approximately 60% of the total area of the country is covered by natural forests, of which 52% are considered production forests (for timber and other products), and 48% are for conservation (not for timber extraction due to inaccessibility or ecological constraints).
Papua New Guinea has played a leading role in advancing the REDD+ agenda under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Subsequently, the United Nations Collaborative Programme on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (UN-REDD Programme) was formed in September 2008 to assist developing countries, including PNG, to build capacity to participate in a future REDD+ mechanism. The UN-REDD Programme builds on the convening role and technical expertise of its three participating UN organizations: the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).
The PNG UN-REDD Programme is jointly implemented by the Office of Climate Change and Development (OCCD) and the PNG Forest Authority (PNGFA)
To support PNG’s commitment in achieving low-carbon economic growth and carbon neutrality by 2050 under the PNG Government’s Vision 2050 Pillar: Environmental Sustainability and Climate Change. The PNG UN-REDD Programme has identified five integrated work areas as priorities to support the national readiness process and the development and implementation of a national REDD+ strategy, with an emphasis on the development of a Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) system:
1: Readiness management arrangements in place
2: National MRV System developed
3: Historical drivers of deforestation assessed
4: Monitoring of abatement concepts supported
5: Stakeholders engaed in REDD+ rediness process
Area: Environment, Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management
UN-REDD: USD 6,388,884,000 (2011-2013)
Implementing Partner(S): Office of Climate Change & Development
Participating Agencies: United Nations Development Programme, United Nations Environmental Programme & Food & Agriculture Organisation of the United Nation
The last quarter of 2013 will focus on the preparation of National Guidelines on Free, Prior and Informed Consent (EPIC); Benefit Sharing Distribution Systems (BSDS), Social and Environmental Safeguards and Finalizing the National Forest Inventory (FFI) design.