Nation-Building Through Crisis Prevention
Growing inequalities, social fragmentation, rural-urban drift, proliferation of small arms, increasing urban crime and localized tribal fights, often over land management and natural resources, have created law-and-order problems that pose a serious challenge to the central authority. Widespread availability of guns that are home-made, illegally imported or leaked from state stockpiles multiply losses and contribute to a scale of violence where traditional means of restoring order no longer function. The incidence of armed violence in urban centres are amongst the highest in the world and contribute significantly to the vulnerability and security concerns of women and young men.Fatalities, displacement and high levels of sexual and gender-based violence through low-intensity conflicts are common.
UNDP’s Nation-Building Through Crisis Prevention seeks to address these challenges through targeted support to the Government of Papua New Guinea on safety, security and social cohesion at both the national policy and the local implementation level.
Strengthen capacities in the Department of the Prime Minister and National Executive Council (DPMNEC) on strategic policy development, including the National Security Policy and a strategy for community security institutions and interventions;
Enhance the capacity of development and peace and security committees at the district and local level to provide community security in the context of broader bottom-up development planning and implementation;
Strengthen civil society to help identify, plan and implement community-security measures.
Crisis Prevention and Recovery
USD 120,000 (2012-2015)
Department of Prime Minister and National Executive Council
Development of a National Security Policy (NSP)and a Community Security Strategy under the Government’s leadership initiated;
Inter-Departmental Committee on Small Arms Control was established, bringing together Police, Department of Prime Minister and National Executive Council, Ministry of Justice, intelligence services and civil society representatives, and coordinated the Acting Prime Minister’s decree to implement a National Gun Control Strategy during the preparation of the 2012 National Elections;
In the context of the Government’s commitment to the Geneva Convention on Armed Violence and Development, Government’s participation in and contribution to Global Arms Trade Treaty negotiationsfacilitated, ultimately adopted through endorsement by 154 UN member states in April 2013.
Statistical analysis of armed crime data 2009-2010 carried out to inform Government programming and UNDP support;
Capacities development support on ‘conflict resolution’ for two District Peace Management Teams in the Eastern Highland Province increased and helped establish three Community Justice Committees in rural areas;
Strengthened skills of civil society organizations to lead, design and facilitate inclusive dialogues and processes for ‘Peace and Development’, combined with a small grants scheme, resulted in four local peace agreements and initiatives in four provinces of PNG ending violence and displacement, and is the first step towards a broader PNG network for ‘Peace and Development’.