6 Promote gender equality and empower women

Where we are?

National Consultation to increase participation of women in local level government
National Consultation to increase participation of women in local level government

Data are available for GERs in primary education. The Table below shows the difference in GERs for males and females in primary education. The Table shows that slightly higher proportion of males compared to females were enrolled in primary education in 1990 and 2007.

 Difference in gross enrolment rates for male andfemale at the primary level in 1990 and 2007.

Year

Male

Female

Difference

1990

68.1

64.2

3.9

2007

78.2

70.2

8.0

Source: Service statistics DOE 1990, 2000-2007

 The situation is similar in case of cohort retention rate at the primary level (see Table below). Slightly more males compared to females are retained in primary education during 1985-1990 and 2002-2007.

Difference in cohort retention at theprimary level for male andfemalein 1990 and 2007.

Cohort

Male

Female

Difference

1985-1990

58.7

56.6

2.1

2002-2007

64.3

58.9

5.4

Source: Service statistics of the DOE 1985-2007

In terms of youth and adult literacy rates also, more males compared to females were literate in 1990 and 2000 (see Table below).

Difference youth and adult literacy rates for maleand femalein 1990 and 2000.

Literacy rates

1990

2000

Male

Female

Difference

Male

Female

Difference

Youth Literacy Rate (%)

66.6

53.9

12.7

64.4

58.9

5.5

Adult Literacy Rate (%)

46.3

34.7

11.6

55.2

43.9

11.3

Source: Derived indirectly from 1990 and 2000 Census data on highest grade completed. Gender disparity exists in PNG in the area of wage employment as well. In 2000, only a very small percentage (5.3 %) of employed women had a wage employment compared to 15.2 percent of men. The situation for female is worse in the case of leadership. In 2013, there were only 3 of the 109 Members of Parliament were female.Another problem to gender equality in PNG is is that there exists a high degree of violence against women and polygamy in the country. 

1.33 years
remaining
until 2015

1990 2015
Targets for MDG3
  1. Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005, and at all levels by 2015
    • Ratios of girls to boys in primary, secondary and tertiary education
    • Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector
    • Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament